Lite av varje! =^.^=
Yipp! Räven är online.
Sergaler är verkligen fascinerande varelser! =^.^=
Lite mer om Sergaler!
Stor rejäl STRIDSHELIKOPTER!
Malmerfors RÄVSERIER är uppdaterade! Ja, människor är verkligen onda och avskyvärda och vi får verkligen hoppas att de båda rävinnorna klarar sig ur detta.
Annars idag så har jag gjort juice på morötterna, städat och fixat och grejat! Blåräven och jag har varit ute och åkt bil, samt handlat på ÖB medmera.
Lekte självklart stridspilot i bilen! ^__^
Blåräv och jag har kollat på filmen "Hihivagullit" idag, den som jag kollade på med Danne i går! Det är en film om mig när jag var 11 år, på sommarlovet precis innan jag började på Dammsdal i Vingåker. Det var 1986! Jag gör bl.a. en egen tolkning av StarWars och berättar om olika saker som jag tyckte då och vad som var viktigt i mitt liv då. Cyklar och leker med min hund i trädgården. Visar hur en hårdrockare gör och hur en militär gör! XD Berättar om att jag åkt traktor med Sture och att man för några dagar innan filmen spelades in hade slaktat en gris uppe på Sinkclairsholm. Berättar om avsevärda skillnader mellan Gumlösa och Kristianstad angående Alverfolket, glasögon, skolgång, fårkött och mycket annat som jag inte behöver gå in på här. Klart en film som man vill titta på någon gång ibland! ^__^
Iaf vet jag vad som är viktigt och betydelsefullt i mitt liv nu 2013! ^__^
Protesters Who Wear Masks Could Spend 10 Years in Jail!
Spending a decade in prison just for wearing a mask seems like a joke, but it’s a frightening reality for Canadian protesters. This past summer, Canada passed new legislation stipulating that dissenters who don a mask could face up to ten years in jail, an unreasonable consequence for such a non-offense.
Chalk it up to Canada’s ongoing draconian laws to discourage protesting. Though Canada guarantees the right to assemble and dissent, the government learned what that actually means when put into practice beyond a symbolic display. A massive student movement protesting tuition hikes did not fizzle out like most protests, so the government responded by instituting curfews, heightening fines and inventing arbitrary laws like this mask rule in order to discourage protesting without officially forbidding it.
To receive a sentence of up to ten years, masked protesters must also be participating in an “illegal protest.” Unfortunately, by definition, almost all protests, including peaceful ones, are deemed illegal by Canadian law. To be considered “legal,” protesters must first submit a protest itinerary to and receive approval from law enforcement. Seeking permission from authorities to protest seems to not only defeat the purpose, but also undermines the idea that protesting is a constitutional right.
In recent years, masks, particularly Guy Fawkes masks (popularized in the film V for Vendetta) have become staples at protests internationally. From Tunisia to Thailand to Brazil to Japan, these masks make their way to all corners of the earth to stand as a symbol of opposing tyranny.
However, just like the Canadian government, other countries’ authorities are similarly cracking down on masked protesters. Canada’s laws may carry the steepest consequences, but Germany also makes it illegal for striking workers to wear masks. Additionally, the United Arab Emirates has banned Guy Fawkes masks altogether. Presumably frightened by the mask’s symbolism in other nations’ respective Arab Spring actions, UAE has deemed the mask both insulting to its country and a symbol that may incite riots. “We urge citizens to celebrate using other symbols such as national flags,” said a police spokesperson.
The United States criminalizes masks, as well. In 2011, when police were looking for “legal” excuses to arrest protesters for their participating in Occupy Wall Street, they reached all the way back to an archaic 1845 law forbidding masks. During demonstrations, police plucked multiple mask-wearing people from the crowd, many of whom were understandably unaware that this infraction could be considered a crime in the first place.
Given that exceptions to such petty laws are generally granted in cases of political speech, it seemed like these mask arrests would go away. However, when OWS protestors celebrated the movement’s second anniversary last week, the problem resurfaced. Though the event was both peaceful and smaller than past protests, police officers still used the standby to arrest three mask-wearers, likely just to exert their authority.
While many assume the attacks on masked demonstrators are an arbitrary way for the government to legally target protesters, others see the crackdown as more nefarious. Given the current surveillance state and the police’s omnipresence at all political protests, the government may feel it important to keep tabs on which citizens oppose its policies. Since masks would obscure a protester’s identity, they’ve sneakily made it illegal to wear them.
If the government is as corrupt as protesters allege, that’s all the more reason protesters should be able to disguise their identity to protect from authoritative repercussions. “Free speech” is hardly free when the powers that be can intimidate citizens from expressing their viewpoints.
Laws regarding the Badger Cull 2013 (Plus Bust Card)
This is not a comprehensive list of laws which you may come across, but they are the ones which come to mind as the ones that could be used.
For further information about laws used against protesters, police powers, the arrest procedure and your rights, check out the freebeagles website. It is worth reading up on the following laws as knowledge is power (!) however it should be noted that the police don’t always stick to the law.
Despite this, you should not be put off getting out there and campaigning – hunt saboteurs are out in the fields sometimes several days a week, effectively stopping the killing and with only a handful of arrests made each year.
- Ensure that you have the name/number of a trusted solicitor with you (local groups may be able to suggest some or will be handing out “Bust Cards” with legal information on them)
- If you are meeting up with a local group, find out if they have a legal support or arrestee-support team at hand and get the contact phone number for them
- Ensure that you have a name and address that can be verified by someone (just in case!)
- The police have as much right as any member of the public to take photographs/film you. Unless you are under arrest, you do not have to comply with such activity. You may also film and take photographs of the police. Putting a hand or map up in front of your face is not illegal, though putting it up in front of the camera may be seen as obstructing police. Be careful if you are filming as you do not want to get anyone else in trouble, accidentally identify them or make them feel uncomfortable
- Be careful not to use people’s real names when around the police or pro-cull people and be careful what you say around people you don’t know
Stop and Search
If the police can argue that they have reasonable suspicion that you as an individual may be carrying stolen property, offensive weapons or drugs, they can search you under Section 1 of PACE. They should not read any personal correspondence (but often will) and you do not have to give your details.
If an officer of at least the rank of inspector believes serious public disorder or violence may occur in a given area, an order can be authorised under Section 60 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994. These orders have to cover a specific area and can last for up to 24hours (although repeated orders can be made). They should be put into writing as soon as possible.
They give police officers in the areas the power to stop and search any person or vehicle, passengers, luggage, etc. to look for dangerous or offensive weapons. They do not have to suspect you as an individual – they can search anyone they want. If there are a lot of people in an area, those that fit the officers’ profiles of “troublemaker” are more likely to be stopped first/most.
If a “Section 60 Order” is in place, police may also use Section 60AA to ask a person to remove any item that the person is wearing to hide their identity (masks, balaclavas, etc.) It is not against the law to wear such items, just to refuse to remove them or hand them over to police when asked to do so.
Giving your details…
You are not obliged to carry I.D. in the UK, though police officers will sometimes ask for proof of I.D. In situations where you must provide your details (see below) they can check the electoral register, call someone at your home address or check a driving license, etc. It is up to you whether or not you carry I.D.
If you are the driver of a vehicle, you are required by law to give your details (name, address, date of birth) when asked by an officer. They have the right to stop any vehicle and demand to see driving license, MOT and insurance documents. This is covered by Sections 164 and 165 of the Road Traffic Act 1988. If you do not have your documents, you should be given a “producer” and be allowed to attend a police station with the documents within seven days. Passengers are not required to give their details unless suspected of being part of another offence or wear not wearing seat-belts, etc.
Section 50 Police Reform Act 2002 makes it an offence to refuse to give your details (name and address only) if an officer reasonably believes you have been or are engaging in “anti-social behaviour”. This is behaviour that is likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress to someone. You can be arrested and charged if you refuse, though the police often abuse this law – use your discretion!
If you are arrested or given “street-bail” (meaning you are arrested, but released on bail without going to the station) you can refuse to give your details, but this will cause delays/extra hassle for you as well as the police. It is up to you, but most people give their details at this point.
Breach of the Peace
A breach of the peace is someone using or threatening to use violence either against a person or (in their presence) someone’s property. It is not the making of noise such as blowing a whistle, using a drum or megaphone (depending on what is said), etc. You do not actually have to be violent in order to be arrested – if your actions are provoking other people to use violence, the police may arrest you to prevent this.
In taking action, the police should arrest/give a direction to the person or people provoking/threatening violence and not just to the smallest party involved. If arrested, you will not be charged with an offence so you do not have to give your details (or fingerprints, photo or DNA) to the police. Unfortunately, if you are trespassing, you could legitimately be arrested for “breach of the peace” as you could be seen as interfering with the property rights of another person, therefore provoking them to use violence against you. However, you will often be given warnings to stop your actions/leave land before you are arrested, so you have an opportunity to get away.
Trespass and “Aggravated Trespass”
“The act of remaining or entering on land without a right to do so”
Trespass itself is not a criminal act in the UK. It is usually dealt with as a civil matter… If you refuse to leave land, however, reasonable force can be used to remove you or the police may be asked to assist. You may be arrested to prevent a breach of the peace if they are feeling particularly nasty. Trespass becomes unlawful if you are trying to disrupt, deter, obstruct or otherwise interfere with a lawful activity. This is known as “aggravated trespass”.
You will normally be given an option of leaving instead of being arrested, obviously depending on what it is you allegedly did and the mood of the situation. While some police forces have said they are not intending to use this law to arrest anti-cull protesters (as it may be unclear at times if shooting is a “lawful activity” on a particular piece of land) other forces have suggested that anyone seen wearing an anti-cull or hunt saboteurs association t-shirt in the cull areas will be arrested preventatively…
Remember, though, that your intention must be to disrupt the activity. If you are walking along footpaths, regardless of what time of day/night it is, you are entitled to be there. If you happen to be in the area of the cull and shooting has to stop because of your presence, you have still not committed an offence as your intention was merely to go for a walk, not to disrupt the cull…
Harassment, Alarm, Distress
Section 5 Public Order Act 1986 deals with the offence of causing someone harassment, alarm or distress. In order to be guilty of this offence, you must have been using threatening, abusive or insulting behaviour or words (or disorderly behaviour). The use of amplified noise would rarely fit into this category. Generally speaking, when dealing with farmers, marksmen, police and others, don’t swear or shout abuse at anyone. Keep what you’re saying factual and don’t give the police any excuse to arrest you.
Conditions placed on protest
Section 14 Public Order Act 1986 generally deals with protests on the street, so should only affect you if you have decided to do a stationary protest outside a company, supermarket, etc. Conditions imposed on the protest can only include the duration of the protest, how many people can take part and where the protest can take place and these must balance the right to freedom of speech with the right of the company to continue their business. Conditions should only be imposed if there is a threat of serious damage to land or property, of disruption to the life of the community or to prevent serious public disorder or if the officer believes that the intention of the organisers is to intimidate other people. Conditions can only be imposed by the senior officer at the scene.
Again, generally speaking, if you use common sense and don’t block the highway or doorways to shops or other buildings and you put across your points and the facts politely, you should draw less negative attention from the police. You do not have to ask for permission before conducting a stationary protest.
For information regarding staying within the law on protests and with letter/email writing and phone-calls to companies such as the supermarkets supporting the cull, see “Malicious Communication” on the freebeagles website: http://www.network23.org/freebeagles
Section 241 Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992
Unlikely to be used, but an interesting one to mention none-the-less as this law has been used in the past to arrest various protesters. A person commits an offence if they use violence towards or intimidate a person or their family or damage their property in order to stop them from doing a lawful activity or to force them to do something they have a right to refuse to do. Persistently following a person, following them in a disorderly manner (along with two or more other people), stalking them at their house or place of work or hiding their tools, clothes or property (or hindering them in the use of their tools, etc.) with them same aim also amounts to such an offence.
It is a harder one to prove against somebody, but, again, staying polite and non-violent in your actions may go in your favour if you do end up having to deal with the police.
Protection from Harassment Act 1997
Under this law, a person must not pursue a “course of conduct” which amounts to harassment of another and which they ought to know would amount to harassment of the other person. A “course of conduct” means that at least two incidents have happened to an individual, for example a marksman.
Squatting (land and buildings)
Squatting means occupying empty buildings, or land, without permission. In September 2012, Section 144 of LASPO made it a criminal offence to trespass in residential properties with the intention of living there. Still, only the police have the authority to force entry and enforce the new law. You can also squat as normal in non-residential properties (which includes pubs (but not any flats above them), warehouses, hospitals, barns and, of course, land) and you may still find owners who will give you permission to use their property.
There should always be someone in the place as this is what gives you your legal protection. The owners can evict you if they find the place empty, so you should always have someone at home. When you move in you should note any reading on electricity/gas meters and contact the suppliers telling them you wish to set up an account (don’t say you are squatting). A copy of a letter/reference number can help show the police you are trying to pay any bills. Do not open the door to any police or people you don’t know!
Information on how to squat a piece of land is minimal, but has been done by protest camps in the past. It appears that simply having a “symbolic” barrier running around the boundary of the land you wish to keep possession of is enough by law – so, a simple rope will do the trick just to mark out what area you are squatting. Of course, this will not stop the determined landowner, so you may want to think more about security on site and how to better secure the perimeter.
- Don’t swear at or threaten anyone
- Don’t declare any intention of stopping a lawful activity
- Safety should be paramount for all parties – make sure that shooters are aware of your location
- Wearing the same clothes as others makes everyone less identifiable
- It is perfectly lawful upon seeing a group of people with guns to shout to them “stop shooting, we believe you are acting unlawfully and you must now wait for the police”. This would be a particularly good tactic if the police happened to be behind you as it would be making your intention very clear; that you are looking at stopping the illegal killing of badgers.
Hunt Saboteurs Association: hsa.enviroweb.org/
Stop The Cull Campaign: www.stopthecull.net
General legal information: www.network23.org/freebeagles
Specific information regarding stops & searches: www.stop-watch.org
“No Comment” Handbooks (available from the Legal Monitoring and Defence Group)
Advisory Service for Squatters: www.squatter.org.uk
Vegan Prisoners Support Group: www.vpsg.org
Information about security: www.activistsecurity.org